IPMAT 2018: Exam Analysis
You can view our analysis here:
Total Questions: 100
Duration: 120 minutes
Marking: +4 for Correct & -1 for incorrect answers (MCQ) and no negative for Short Answer based questions
IPMAT 2018, as usual, did live up to its expectations. As expected, the exam was divided into 3 sections with equal sectional time limits of 40 minutes each. No technical glitches or any such issues reported from any centre, so it is safe to assume that the exam conduction process was perfect.
Verbal Ability section has consistently maintained similar pattern and level of difficulty. This is one reason why cut-off in this section goes really high. Last year, minimum raw score to get qualified for interview call in this section was 100 out 160. So one has to do justice to the preparation of this section. Moreover, this year, the time allotted for the verbal section has reduced by 5 minutes, so to score, from this section will only get tougher.
Quantitative ability section has been divided into two parts and hence the expectation is clear. From MCQ based section, one can expect extensive coverage of questions on various topics from algebra to arithmetic to geometry, coordinate geometry and Data Interpretation. Whereas from Short Answer based questions, one can expect a good quality word problems where a student will have to think through the case, apply proper approach and do the required calculations before arriving at the answer, which should also be precise in value.
So the approach should have been to maximise score from MCQ based question whereas, in Short answer based question, one must ensure that they do the minimum required in order to get a good platform at least.
Section 1: Verbal Ability
Total questions: 40
Duration: 40 Minutes
There were two passages having 6 and 5 questions respectively. The first passage was on behavioural habits of different species of birds and the second one highlighted the ill effects of social media in our social life. Examples of Facebook and Google would have made students realise the message that author wanted to convey. There was one question on assigning “Title of the passage” whereas rest of the questions in both the passages can be considered as direct reference based. Length of the passages ranged from 400 to 500 words appx. Ideally, both these passages could have been attempted in 12 to 13 minutes.
Second biggest zone of questions were questions based on the application of Vocabulary. This was not surprising as except for 2017, Vocabulary has been a dominant subsection in Verbal Ability. This year, there were around 13 questions divided into two types of questions viz Cloze Test (Fill in the Blanks) and Word usage. Level of difficulty and choice of words in Cloze tests were easy and direct. In fact, there was no need to even eliminate the wrong options. However, the same was not the case with Word usage based questions. Students were required to identify inappropriate usage of words among the given sentences. A few words were easy like “Part”, “Sole”, few words were ambiguous like “Cross” & “Flea” while one of the words ie “Immanent” was tough to crack.
Weightage of Grammar-based questions remained almost constant. However, there was a newer variety of questions finding alternative phrases which can replace the part of given sentence, apart from routine Sentence correction questions. There were around 4 questions of each of these types. Sentence correction based questions can be considered as easy, whereas the other ones were little tricky.
Logical Continuation and Para-jumbles having 4 questions each, completed rest of the section. Though both these varieties of questions were easy to moderate, Para-jumbles based questions were non-mcq. So students had to key in the correct combination of options and this is what made it little tricky.
Overall, we can say that this section was little tougher than last year ie Moderate in level of difficulty, hence, good attempts this year should be 32+ and with 83-84% accuracy, we can estimate the good score to be 24 net correct or a raw score of 96+.
Section 2: Quantitative Aptitude (MCQ)
Total Questions: 40
Duration: 40 Minutes
This section was dominated by higher algebra and higher geometry based questions. There were around 2/3 questions each from Matrices & Determinants, Functions, Inequality, Quadratic Equations, P & C, Probability, Trigonometry and Coordinate Geometry. Most of these questions were word problems having multiple concepts in each question. Most of these questions were time-consuming and calculative too. Thankfully, the online calculator was available this time.
There were around 4/5 questions each from Set theory, Logarithms, Progression and Geometry & Mensuration. Again most of these questions were lengthy and calculative. A couple of questions in Geometry involved theoretical concept checking like the question on angle bisectors of parallelogram makes what type of geometrical figure. Options were also little tricky in such questions. Most of the above-mentioned topic had interconnected concept based questions for eg. question on progression had the concept of the log, P & C had the concept of Numbers, and so on. This increases the level of difficulty as well as time taken per question. In fact, attempts might also reduce because a student may be familiar with the concept of Progression but may not be good with Logarithms.
Surprisingly, questions from basic arithmetic were negligible. There was one question on Profit & Loss and one from Time, Speed & Distance. No direct question from topics like Numbers, Percentages, Ratio or Time & Work would have surely put students under tremendous pressure.
There was one set on Data Interpretation having 4 questions on the basis of tabulated data. All questions were on basic concepts like Percentages, Ratio, and Averages. This compensated the deficit as mentioned above.
Overall this section can be surely be considered as tough. Ideal attempts in 40 minutes would be 18+ and good score can be 13+ net correct or a raw score of 52+.
Section 3: Quantitative Aptitude (Short Answer)
Total Questions: 20
Duration: 40 Minutes
In IPM-AT, 2017, there was no separate section for SA, however, there were 8-10 questions based on such type of questions.
This section was more or less a replica of MCQ based questions with a higher level of difficulty. There were around 3 questions each from Logarithms, Quadratic Equations, P & C, and Progressions. Almost all of them were lengthy and calculative. The online calculator was available in this section as well.
This section was also dominated by Geometry and Mensuration based questions. Almost 5 questions were based on concepts of Geometry. There was just one question on basic arithmetic ie on the concept of Average and one question on Trigonometry. All these questions, except the question on trigonometry, were word based problems again on mixed applications of concepts. In fact, in both these sections combined, there were hardly any questions which were on a standalone concept. This is what makes the section tough to crack for 12th standard students, who are in habit of attacking one concept at a time.
This section will also be classified as tough. Ideal attempts in 40 minutes would be 9+ and good score in this section can be 5+ net correct or raw score of 20+.
|Section||Good Attempts||Good Score||Estimated Highest Score||Cut-off Score||Scaled Cut-off Score** (Appx)|
|Quantitative Aptitude (MCQ)||18+||52+||88+||36+||14.08|
|Quantitative Aptitude (Short Answer)||9+||20+||40+||12+||09.87|
Estimated Cut-off (General Category): Scaled Score of = 43+
Quantitative Ability (MCQ):
Quantitative Ability (Short Answer):