About CLAT

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT), is a centralized test that was created for the convenience of the students who want to pursue their future in top law colleges under the Memorandum of Understandings (MoU). It is an All India Level Entrance Exam that is conducted on rotation basis by 20 National Law Universities (NLUs) for admission into their undergraduate as well as post graduate programs such as LLB and LLM. The test can be taken after higher secondary examination or after their 12th exam for admission into integrated undergraduate programs in law and they can apply after graduation for Masters in Law (LL.M).

The 18 participating NLUs in their order of year of joining the combined CLAT exam are:

National Law School of India University, Bangalore (NLSIU)  – 2008
National Academy of Legal Study & Research (NALSAR) University of Law, Hyderabad  – 2008
National Law Institute University, Bhopal (NLIU)  – 2008
The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata (WBNUJS)  – 2008
National Law University, Jodhpur (NLUJ)  – 2008
Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur (HNLU)  – 2008
Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar (GNLU)  – 2008
Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow (RMLNLU)  – 2009
Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala (RGNUL)  – 2009
Chanakya National Law University, Patna (CNLU)  – 2009
National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi (NUALS)  – 2009
National Law University Odisha, Cuttack (NLUO)  – 2012
National University of Study & Research in Law, Ranchi (NUSRL)  – 2012
National Law University & Judicial Academy, Assam, Guwahati (NLUJAA)  – 2012
Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Visakhapatnam (DSNLU)  – 2014
The TamilNadu National Law School, Tiruchirappalli (TNNLS)  – 2015
Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai (MNLU)  – 2016
Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur (MNLU)  – 2016

Important Dates for CLAT 2018

Online Registration Starts January 1, 2018

CLAT Exam Date & Time 13 May, 2018

Online Registration Closes 31 March, 2018

CLAT Result Declaration To be announcedRegister

CLAT 2017 Paper Pattern

Pattern of the CLAT Paper for Admission to the Under-Graduate Programme

Total Marks 200
Total No. of Questions 200
Duration of Examination 2 Hrs
Subject Areas with weightage
English including Comprehension 40 Marks
General Knowledge/ Current Affairs 50 Marks
Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability) 20 Marks
Legal Aptitude 50 Marks
Logical Reasoning 40 Marks

Note: There shall be a system of Negative Marking wherein 0.25 mark will be deducted for each of the wrong answers to multiple choice questions.

The different subject areas of the exam are explained as under:

English Including Comprehension

The English section will test the candidate’s proficiency in English, based on comprehension passages and grammar. In the comprehension section, candidates will be assessed on their understanding of the passage given, its central theme and meanings of the words used therein, etc. The grammar section will focus on correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, filling of blanks in the given sentences with appropriate words, etc.

2. General Knowledge and Currents Affairs

As far as general knowledge is concerned, the candidates will be assessed on their general awareness, including static general knowledge. Questions on current affairs will test the candidate’s knowledge on current affairs.

3. Mathematics

This section will test the candidate’s knowledge on elementary mathematics, i.e. mathematics taught up to Class X.

4. Legal Aptitude

This section will test the candidate’s interest towards the study of law, research aptitude and problem solving ability. Questions asked may comprise of legal propositions/ principles and a set of facts to which the said proposition/ principle has to be applied to arrive at a most reasonable conclusion. Such propositions may or may not be ‘true’ in the real sense; yet the candidates will have to assume that the given propositions are true and answer the questions accordingly. An example of such a legal proposition may be that any person who speaks in a movie hall and disturbs others who are watching the movie will be banned from entering any movie theatre across India for one year.

5. Logical Reasoning

The purpose of the logical reasoning section is to test the candidate’s ability to identify patterns, logical links and rectify illogical arguments. It will include a wide variety of logical reasoning questions such as syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc. However, visual reasoning will not be tested.

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CLAT 2017 Analysis

Total Questions: 200
Total Duration: 120 minutes
Negative Marking: 1/4th or – 0.25

Elementary Mathematics
Total questions: 20

Quantitative section was dominated by Arithmetic based questions, especially Time & Work (4 questions) and Time, Speed &Distance (3 questions). Out of remaining questions, most of them were evenly distributed among topics like Averages, Alligation & Mixtures, Simple & Compound Interest, Profit & Loss, Ratio Proportion, Probability, Linear & Quadratic equations etc. There were no questions from concepts of Area & Volumes, Permutation and Combination etc. One question was from concept of True Discount / Bankers Discount. The questions were lengthy and time consuming. Most of the questions were based on word problems and hence time taken to solve them would be more than 1 minute per question. Few questions were tricky too, for example, a question on boats and streams where students were required to find speed of stream, required more extensive calculation than what it looked like at first glance. Lot of students would have marked 1 kmph as answer, whereas the correct answer was 2 kmph. As the questions were not direct in nature, we can mark this section as Moderate – Tough, especially when we relate it with CLAT 2016. Ideally student should not spend more than 15-18 minutes in this section. Good attempts can be 13+ and good score can be 10+ in this section.

English and Comprehension
Total Questions: 40

This was one of the easiest section of all except 5 questions based on Reading comprehension. Passage of Comprehension was very lengthy and the questions were also not direct. As it was just 5 questions, it could have been avoided in order to focus on rest of the questions. No presence of direct vocabulary based questions would have benefitted majority of the students. 10 questions on identifying correct Spelling would worked as bonus. Major focus was on grammar based questions, as there were 10 questions on finding the Error in a sentence, 10 questions on Fill in the Blanks format (phrasal verbs) and 5 questions on Sentence correction. Couple of questions in Fill in the blanks and in Error detection seemed vague or having multiple errors. A well prepared student could have avoided those questions. Overall the section could have been attempted in 25 minutes. Good attempts can be 34+ and good score can be 29+.

Logical Reasoning
Total Questions: 40

This was an easy section with questions distributed on Arrangement & Puzzles (6 questions), Odd man out, Direction Sense, Blood Relation, Analogies, One word Substitution, Clocks & Calendar, Series, Syllogism, Coding-Decoding etc. Majority of the questions can be classified under Analytical Reasoning instead of Logical reasoning. Surprisingly the questions on expected lines like Statement and assumption, Statement and Argument, Critical Reasoning etc were missing. There were two identical / repetitive question in Direction sense. One question based on concept of Blood Relation seemed incorrect as none of the options matched the derived answer. Inspite of couple of hiccups, a well prepared student would have attempted 35+ questions in approximately 30 Minutes. Good score in this section can be 31+.

General knowledge and Current Affairs
Total Questions: 50

GK section this year was tougher than last year. Most of the question were from current affairs. However, near total absence of static GK part and increased level of difficulty in current affairs questions would have startled the students. There were questions about international organizations, sports, science & technology, US presidential elections etc.. Dominant theme in GK section this year were international events and science related news. There were questions from expected areas (like demonetisation, UNESCO world heritage sites, UN secretary general etc.), but even in this case level of difficulty of question was markedly high. Very recent happening (e.g. new President of France) were asked in current affairs. Discounting for 8-10 pretty tough questions, 36+ question attempted with 30+ correct answers should be a good score.

Legal Aptitude
Total Questions: 50

Legal aptitude section was a mixed bag of legal reasoning & legal maxims questions. Legal aptitude had more of PRINCIPLE based questions (35) and the remaining 15 were legal maxims. CLAT paper has never ever asked more than 8 legal maxims in Legal Aptitude Section (Hence it’s a surprise). Most of the principle based questions were from standard areas torts, contract, crime, etc… Overall the section can be considered easy but lengthy. Student with average skills would have attempted 42+ questions in 35 minutes. Good score in this section could be 36+

Overall, this year’s CLAT can be considered as Moderate. Comparing it with CLAT 2016, General Knowledge section was really tough, whereas sections like Legal Aptitude, English and Reasoning were at par. Elementary maths was also relatively tough and hence overall cut-offs will see a minor dip.

Logical Reasoning 40 30 to 35 Easy 35+ 31+
Legal Aptitude 50 34 to 36 Easy (But Lengthy) 42+ 36+
Elementary Mathematics 20 15 to 18 Moderate – Tough 13+ 10+
English & Comprehension 40 25 to 30 Easy 34+ 29+
General Knowledge & Current Affairs 50 8 to 10 Moderate-Tough 36+ 29+
Total 200 120 Moderate 160+ 135+
Predicted scores for Total Score
Top 100 Rank 145-150
Top 500 Rank 135-138
Top 1000 Rank 128
Top 1500 Rank 119

Legal Maxims from CLAT-17 exam (Memory based)

Artifois Convict – A plea, a defendant can claim that s/he was charged of the same crime under substantially same facts
Bona Vacantia – Vacant for good (Unclaimed Goods)
Caveat Venditor – let the seller be aware
Faux Pas – a social blunder
Jus Gentium – Law International (International Law)
Lex Loci – law of the land
Lis pendis – pending legal action
Malus Animus – Band/Evil Intention (Intention to do harm)
Pari Delicto – in equal fault, is a legal term used to indicate that two persons or entities are equally at fault
Pari Passu – side by side; at the same rate or on an equal footing.
Per incurium – lack of due regard to the law
Punctum Temporis – A point of time; an indivisible period of time; the shortest space of time; an instant
Sine Die – Without a day. A case adjourned without appointed date.
Turpis Arbiter – A bribed or corrupt judge

Exam Analysis | CLAT 2017


AILET is conducted by the National Law University, Delhi every year for admission to its BA LLM, LLB and PhD programs. Established in 2008, by the National Capital Territory of Delhi and with the initiative of High Court of Delhi, it is in the list of premier Law Universities established in India.

There are total 80 seats for LLB course in NLU, out of which 70 are through AILET and admissions on the remaining 10 seats are done directly by the college.

Education Qualification Requirement –

For B.A., LLB (Hons.) – 5 Years Program: Candidate must have passed the Senior Secondary School Examination (10+2) or equivalent exam with more than 50% marks. Students who are appearing for 12th are also eligible for the exam.

For LL.M. – This course is of 1 year duration. Candidates having LL.B. or its equivalent degree with minimum 55% marks (50% in case of SC/ST or a Person with Disability) can appear for the exam.

Important Dates for AILET - 18

Registration Start Date Already started

AILET Test Dates 6 May, 2018

Last Date Of Registration 7 April, 2018

AILET 2017 Results To be

AILET 2017 Pattern

Total Marks:  150
Total no. of Questions: 150
Duration: 1 Hour 30 Minutes

Subject Area and Mark Distribution

English, G.K., Legal Aptitude, Reasoning       – 35 Marks Each
Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)    – 10 Marks


  •  Candidate should secure minimum 40% (30% for SC and ST) marks in AILET to become eligible for admission.
  • Minimum 30% of total seats shall be filled by reservation for women candidates including reservation in reserved as well as foreign categories.

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AILET 2017 Analysis

Total Questions: 150
Total Marks: 150
Total Duration: 90 minutes
Negative Marking: No Negative Marking

Section 1: English
No. of Questions: 35
This was the easiest section of the entire paper. One surprising element in the section was near absence of reading comprehension based questions. There was one passage on ‘unorganized sector labour’, but all 10 questions from this passage were vocabulary based. There were approximately 10 more question on vocabulary knowledge. Rest of the section was taken up by grammar. The areas being tested were antonyms-synonyms, idioms & phrases, spot the error, fill in the blanks etc. Pattern and difficulty level of this section was at par with last year’s. Genuine attempts in this section would be 31+, with 28+ being considered a good score.

Section 2: General Knowledge
No. of Questions: 35
True to its trend, this year also AILET GK section was a mixture of current affairs, general science, international affairs, general science etc. The current affairs questions were twisted and not many of them were obvious facts, e.g. instead of Indian medal tally in Rio Olympics the question was asked on number of medals won by India in Special Olympics World Winter Games. There were 4-5 questions on general science topics like waves used in WiFi & LiFi technologies, material used in making thinnest light bulb filament, use of silica gel in first aid kits etc. Overall, the section was a tad tougher compared to last year. An estimated genuine attempts of 27+ with 23+ correct can be considered satisfactory.

Section 3: Legal Aptitude
No. of Questions: 35
Questions in legal aptitude section were on predictable lines. There were 12 questions of Principle-Fact type, 8 questions were of Assertion-Reasoning type and rest of the questions were from Legal GK. For the test takers toughest nut to crack would be legal GK. There were abundance of questions from constitutional provisions, amendment acts, judicial verdicts etc. Overall the section can be considered Moderate to Tough. Students with solid knowledge base could have attempted 30+ questions with around 26+ of them correct.

Section 4: Reasoning
No. of Questions: 35
Reasoning was the lengthiest and toughest of all sections. Critical reasoning questions were typically AILET. Topics covered under this section were strong-weak arguments, statement-assumption, and inference-conclusion. There were paragraph based questions which were tough as well as time consuming. Analytical reasoning was comparatively easy. Topics like sitting arrangement, direction sense, blood relation, sequence & series etc. were covered. These questions were mostly do-able. An attempt of 28+ questions with 24+ correct is a good score in this section.

Section 5: Mathematics
No. of Questions: 10
The section has a total of 10 questions covering topics like time & work, mensuration, time-speed-distance, simple interest-compound interest, ratio-proportion etc. There was one question on permutation & combination also. The questions were of only moderate difficulty level. The students who were able to manage their time properly through other section to give sufficient time in mathematics should be able to attempt almost all the questions with 7+ of them correct.

Note: As there was no negative marking, lot of students would have attempted all questions. The suggested good attempt and good score are the net genuine attempts and score obtained from it.


Section Total Questions Level of difficulty Good score
English 35 Easy to Moderate 28+
General Knowledge 35 Moderate to tough 23+
Legal Aptitude 35 Moderate to tough 26+
Reasoning 35 Tough 24+
Mathematics 10 Easy to Moderate 7+
Overall 150 Moderate to tough 103+

Cut-offs: Overall good score will be slightly less than the total of all the good scores as it is difficult to get good score in each section. Also, due to a slight increase in the overall difficulty level of the paper our experts predict a nominal decrease in cut-off score this year. Hence, expected cut-off score can be in the range, 101 to 105 marks.

AILET 2017 Video Analysis


About SET

Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET) is a common written entrance exam for the admission process of undergraduate institutes of Symbiosis International University. In the beginning, it started with 3 institutes of SIU but slowly more and more colleges emerged into it. Currently, 10 more institutes of Symbiosis have been brought under the Symbiosis International University.

It is a mandatory written test for the admission process for the undergraduate programmes of the following Symbiosis Institutes, namely:

Symbiosis Law School [SLS] – Pune
Symbiosis Law School [SLS] – Noida
Symbiosis Centre for Management Studies [SCMS] – Pune
Symbiosis Centre for Management Studies [SCMS] – Noida
Symbiosis Institute of Design [SID]
Symbiosis Institute of Computers Studies and Research [SICSR]
Symbiosis Institute of Media & Communication (Under Graduate)   [SIMC-UG]
Symbiosis School of Economics [SSE]
Symbiosis School for Liberal Arts [SSLA]
Symbiosis Law School [SLS] – Hyderabad

Important Dates for SET - 18

Registration Start Date To be announced

SET Test Dates To be announced

Last Date Of Registration To be announced

SET Results To be announcedSET-TEST.ORG

SET 2017 Pattern

Duration of the exam is of 150 minutes.

It is an objective test having 5 different sections.

Total 150 150
Sr. No. Section No. Of Questions Total Marks
1 Logical Reasoning 30 30
2 Legal Reasoning 30 30
3 Analytical Reasoning 30 30
4 Reading Comprehension 30 30
5 General Knowledge 30 30

SET 2017 Analysis

Total Questions: 150
Total Marks: 150
Total Duration: 150 minutes
Negative Marking: No Negative Marking

Section 1: Logical Reasoning
No. of Questions: 30

This sections had some good quality and tough questions on Cause-Effect, Statement and Assumption, Assertion-Reasoning and Statement and Conclusion questions. Pattern and break up of questions was same as that of 2016. Difficulty wise this section was slightly tougher than last year. Students would have been surprised by the fact that only two questions on Analogies were asked. But, on the other hand, they would have found comfort in questions based on Syllogisms, which were easier. Overall the sections can be considered as Moderate to Tough. Genuine attempts of 25+ were possible in 25 minutes. Good score in this section can be 22+.

Section 2: Legal Reasoning
No. of Questions: 30

Questions on Principle-Fact were very less (7-8) and that would have surely put a lot of students in a dilemma. The majority of the questions were based on only Facts and not Principle-Facts. Questions on Legal Knowledge too were slightly tough because these were questions from past legal cases, that too in foreign courts. Legal Section was dominated by questions from Contract Act and Criminal Law. Some 4-5 questions from Tort (Match the following, strict liability, damnum sine injuria) Couple of questions on Legal terminology were sitters and on expected lines. Facts based questions were time-consuming and as a result, some students would have missed that were based on real cases could have been missed in attempts. So on that basis, we can estimate the genuine attempts to be around 25+ in 27-28 minutes. And good score can be 21+.

 Section 3: Analytical Reasoning
No. of Questions: 30

This section was a mixed bag. Surprisingly the standard questions on puzzles and arrangement were just 3-4. Topics like Coding, Series, Direction sense, Blood relation, Odd-one-out etc. were evenly distributed. There were a few questions on Data Interpretation too. Apart from these, around 7 to 8 questions were based on concepts of maths i.e. Set-theory, Percentage etc. One question based on Number Series seemed ambiguous. Overall the section can be considered Moderate to Tough. A student with good reasoning skills could have attempted 24+ questions in 30 Minutes. Good score in this section could be 20+.

Section 4: General Knowledge
No. of Questions: 30

The GK section had a good mix of questions, wherein approximately 50 percent questions can be subsumed under the category of Current Affairs. These questions were based on current topics like GST, acting president of BCCI, new general secretary of the UN, controversy regarding Baglihar dam, Oxford dictionary’s word of the year for 2016, etc. The only notable exclusion was that there no question from any major award category, Rio Olympics or demonetisation. On the static front, there were questions from general science, History, Operation Maitri, Indian Constitution, etc. Overall the section can be considered Moderate to Tough. A well-read student could have attempted 25 questions with 80 percent accuracy in about 10 minutes. Good score in this section could be 19+

Section 5: Reading Comprehension
No. of Questions: 30

This section had 6 passages of 5 questions each. Most the passages were short, about 150-200 words, and were based on generic topics which are discussed around frequently. Almost all questions were direct and could have been answered without getting into typical RC dilemma between two options. Probably this section was the only respite in the entire examination and hence it can be classified as easy. A student aiming high scores should have spent around 30 minutes and tried attempting all the questions. So good attempts should be 30 and a good score can be 25+.

Note: As there was not negative marking, a lot of students would have attempted all questions. The suggested good attempt and good score are the net genuine attempts and score obtained from it.



Section Total Questions Level of difficulty Good score
Logical Reasoning 30 Moderate to tough 22+
Legal Reasoning 30 Moderate to tough 21+
Analytical Reasoning 30 Tough 20+
General Awareness 30 Moderate to tough 20+
Reading Comprehension 30 Easy 25+
Overall 150 Moderate to tough 100+
Course Symbiosis Law Campus Predicted Cut-offs (General Category)
B.A.LLB Pune 88+
BBA.LLB Pune 90+
B.A.LLB Noida 93+
BBA.LLB Noida 82+
B.A.LLB Hyderabad 85+
BBA.LLB Hyderabad 80+

Cut-offs: It is very difficult to predict exact cut-off for each college as the number of applicants is yet not disclosed. But, on the basis of cut-offs given in last two years and comparing the level of difficulty of the exam with that of last year, we can predict the following cut-offs.

Students wishing to apply to any of the above-mentioned colleges must apply to the respective college before the results are declared. Visit: for more details.


SET LAW 2017 Video Analysis

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